A study of the evaluation system of the physical function,fitness and health for the middle-age secondary intellectuals

Por: Bu Bin.

Athens 2004: Pre-olympic Congress

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Introduction

The physical capacity and fitness are known to be a important prognostic markers of the health, living quality and mortality, but up to now there have been only a few of systematic evaluation studies for the middle-age sedentary intellectuals. This study aimed to establish an evaluation system of physical function, fitness and health enabling them to recognize and improve their fitness and health.

Methods

The current evaluation methods of physical function, fitness and health were estimated, analyzed and selected according
to the rule of EBM (Evidence Based Medicine) and Meta-analyzing following their specific working and physical characteristics. According to the specific principle, reliable principle, feasibility principle and safety principle, the cardiopulmonary system, nerve system, nutritional metabolism system, bone and articular system etc. are mainly under consideration. The experts’ investigation and Meta-analyzing were applied to estimate this evaluation system.256 sedentary samples were under investigation and tested.

Results

This evaluation system included 1) 6 min. walking test under the supervision of cardiac contractility monitoring; 2) timed vital capacity (10s); 3) WBI (Weight Body Index); 4) BMI(Body Mass Index); 5) BAI(Balance Ability Index); 6) AI(Activities Index); 7) EAI(Exercise Ability Index); 8) The physiological (biological) age and real age.

Discussion/ Conclusions

The multiple investigations with small group samples and the experts’ estimation were used. After the investigation, a procedure and the evaluation system of physical function, fitness and health for middle-age intellectuals were presented to tentative practice and further study in China.
Conclusion: This evaluation system was proved reliable, simple and practical, less-expensive. It was worthy of being popularized and deeply studied.
Key Words: middle-age sedentary intellectual, evaluation system, health and fitness, evaluation index, physiological age (This study was fund by The Chinese National Ministry of Sports and Exercise. Many thanks to SACS (Special Award for Canadian Study) of Canada)

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