Características e Monitoramento do Tapering no Triathlon: Uma Revisão Sistemática

Por: Charles Ricardo Lopes, , Jeferson Gustavo Biscalchin, Kelmerson Henri Buck e .

Revista Brasileira de Ciência & Movimento - v.25 - n.3 - 2017

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Resumo

O tapering é o momento da periodização em que a carga de treino é reduzida visando à minimização do estresse fisiológico, biomecânico e psicológico, acarretando a otimização da performance. O objetivo foi apresentar e discutir as características e monitoramento do tapering no triathlon. A partir dos critérios de seleção estabelecidos, foram encontrados 7 artigos. As evidências apontam que no tapering para triatletas treinados deve ocorrer redução do volume na natação em torno de 41% a 60%, no ciclismo e corrida de 21% a 60%. Deve-se manter a intensidade durante o tapering com a utilização do tipo exponencial de queda rápida, durando de 8 a 14 dias no ciclismo e corrida, bem como, 21 dias na natação. O período pré tapering determina a magnitude dos efeitos do tapering, com expectativa do aumento de performance de 3% na competição.Referências 1. Aubry A, Hausswirth C, Louis J, Coutts A, Le Meur Y. Functional overreaching: the key to peak performance during the taper? 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