Demographic Profile Of Insufficiently Active Person From The State Sao Paulo, Brazil

Por: , , Glaucia Figueiredo Braggion, L. C. Oliveira, , e .

Athens 2004: Pre-olympic Congress

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Introduction
the establishment of public policies promoting active lifestyle has been receiving larger attention from health,
education, leisure and sports authorities. Agita São Paulo Program, launched in 1996, has been developing several
actions with the objective of promoting physical active lifestyle of São Paulo State, population that comprises 37
million inhabitants (2).
Purpose
to identify the demographic profile and relative risk of individuals classified as insufficiently active from São Paulo
State.

Methods
A representative sample of São Paulo State (2849) individuals São Paulo was taken being 619 men and 713 women
from 15 to 79 years of age, 28 cities. Physical Activity (PA) level was determined by means of IPAQ (International
Questionnaire of Physical Activity) version 8, short (1). The analyzed demographic variables were: sex, age, level
economical and occupation. From that sample, 1332 (46.7%) were considered insufficiently active (individuals that did
not reach the recommendation of accumulating at least 30 minutes of moderate physical activity in most (5) days of the
week) (3). For the statistical analysis were used frequency, percentage, odds ratio (OR) and a confidence interval of
95% (CI).

Results
It was identified that 46,7% was classified as insufficiently active, 46.5% men and 53.5% women (OR: 1.09. CI: 0.94.
1.26). Age group 30 to 49 year-old presented the highest prevalence (40.4%). However, the largest risk (OR: 1.0)
happened between 15 and 29 year-old. Middle-middle and lower-middle classes (C) presented the largest prevalence
(37.2%) and relative risk (OR: 1.6). In relation to occupation, OR were highest among students (1.89), autonomous
(1.68) and lower among retired (OR: 1.0).

Discussion / Conclusion
present findings bring some different demographic profiling in insufficiently active people, where was observed: a) no
gender differences; b) highest risk ratio for adolescents and young adults (15 - 29 yrs); c) surprising lowest risk for the
oldest (>70y); d) highest risk in middle-middle and lower-middle class; and e) highest risk ratio for students and lowest
among retired. These quite differences observed might reflect the conditions of a developing country.

References
[1]. Craig CL, Marshall AL, Sjostrom M, Bauman AE et all. International Physical Activity Questionnaire: 12-Country
Reliability and Validity. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 35 (8) pp: 1381 - 1395, 2003.
[2]. Matsudo, SMM, Matsudo, VKR, Araújo, TL, Andrade,DR, Andrade,E, Oliveira, LC, and Braggion,G.. The Agita
São Paulo Program as a model for using physical activity to promote health. Pan American Journal of Public Health,
14 (4), pp 265-272, 2003.
[3]. Pate R, Pratt M, Blair S, Haskell W, Macera C, Bouchard C. et al., Physical activity and public health: a
recommendation from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Sports Medicine.
JAMA. 1995; 273 (5): 402.

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