Efeito do Treinamento Funcional em Variáveis Antropométricas e no Desempenho Físico de Mulheres Treinadas

Por: Eberton Alves de Souza, Francine Caetano de Andrade Nogueira, Pamella Alleman e Victor Hugo de Freitas.

Arquivos de Ciências do Esporte - v.6 - n.2 - 2018

Send to Kindle


Resumo

Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar o efeito do treinamento funcional em varáveis antropométricas e no desempenho físico de mulheres treinadas. Métodos: Oito mulheres treinadas e saudáveis, participaram de sessões de treinamento funcional, 3 vezes por semana, por 7 semanas. As coletas de dados foram realizadas no primeiro dia de treinamento da primeira e da oitava semanas. Os dados coletados foram: massa corporal, estatura corporal, dobra cutâneas, flexibilidade, resistência muscular de abdome, salto vertical com contramovimento, agilidade, tempo de corrida por 2 km e percepção subjetiva de esforço (PSE) na corrida de 2 km. A carga de treinamento foi monitorada pelo método da PSE da sessão. Resultados: Os principais resultados encontrados foram redução do percentual de gordura e melhorar o desempenho nos testes de resistência abdominal, de agilidade e de salto vertical (P<0,05). Observa-se também uma provável redução na PSE na corrida de 2 km (3/11/87). Conclusão: Conclui-se que o treinamento funcional se mostrou efetivo para reduzir o percentual de gordura, para melhorar a resistência abdominal, a agilidade e o salto vertical, e que provavelmente reduziu PSE na corrida de 2 km de mulheres treinadas.

Referências

Tomljanović M, Spasić M, Gabrilo G, Uljević O, Foretić N. Effects of five weeks of functional vs. traditional resistance training on anthropometric and motor performance variables Kinesiology. 2011;43(2):145-54.

Da Silva-Grigoletto ME, Brito CJ, Heredia JR. Functional training: functional for what and for whom? Rev Bras Cineantropom Desempenho Hum. 2014;16(6):714-9.

Liu C, Shiroy DM, Jones LY, Clark DO. Systematic review of functional training on muscle strength, physical functioning, and activities of daily living in older adults. European review of aging and physical activity : official journal of the European Group for Research into Elderly and Physical Activity. 2014;11:95–106.

Whitehurst MA, Johnson BL, Parker CM, Brown LE, Ford AM. The benefits of a functional exercise circuit for older adults. J Strength Cond Res. 2005;19(3):647-51.

de Vreede PL, Samson MM, van Meeteren NL, Duursma SA, Verhaar HJ. Functional-task exercise versus resistance strength exercise to improve daily function in older women: a randomized, controlled trial. J Am Geriatr Soc. 2005;53(1):2-10.

Gine-Garriga M, Guerra M, Pages E, Manini TM, Jimenez R, Unnithan VB. The effect of functional circuit training on physical frailty in frail older adults: a randomized controlled trial. J Aging Phys Act. 2010;18(4):401-24.

Weiss T, Kreitinger J, Wilde H, Wiora C, Steege M, Dalleck L, et al. Effect of Functional Resistance Training on Muscular Fitness Outcomes in Young Adults. Journal of Exercise Science & Fitness. 2010;8(2):113-22.

Blair SN, Kohl HW, 3rd, Barlow CE, Paffenbarger RS, Jr., Gibbons LW, Macera CA. Changes in physical fitness and all-cause mortality. A prospective study of healthy and unhealthy men. JAMA. 1995;273(14):1093-8.

Garber CE, Blissmer B, Deschenes MR, Franklin BA, Lamonte MJ, Lee IM, et al. American College of Sports Medicine position stand. Quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory, musculoskeletal, and neuromotor fitness in apparently healthy adults: guidance for prescribing exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2011;43(7):1334-59.

Mokdad AH, Ford ES, Bowman BA, Dietz WH, Vinicor F, Bales VS, et al. Prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and obesity-related health risk factors, 2001. JAMA. 2003;289(1):76-9.

Must A, Spadano J, Coakley EH, Field AE, Colditz G, Dietz WH. The disease burden associated with overweight and obesity. JAMA. 1999;282(16):1523-9.

Foster C, Florhaug JA, Franklin J, Gottschall L, Hrovatin LA, Parker S, et al. A new approach to monitoring exercise training. J Strength Cond Res. 2001;15(1):109-15.

Borg G, Hassmen P, Lagerstrom M. Perceived exertion related to heart rate and blood lactate during arm and leg exercise. Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 1987;56(6):679-85.

Jackson AS, Pollock ML, Ward A. Generalized equations for predicting body density of women. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1980;12(3):175-81.

Siri WE. Body composition from fluids spaces and density: analyses of methods. In: Techniques for measuring body composition. Washington: National Academy of Science and Natural Resource Council; 1961.

Mathwes DK. Medidas e Avaliação em Educação Física. Rio de Janeiro: Guanabara; 1986.

de Freitas VH, Ramos SP, Bara-Filho MG, Freitas DG, Coimbra DR, Cecchini R, et al. Effect of cold water immersion performed on successive days on physical performance, muscle damage, and inflammatory, hormonal, and oxidative stress markers in volleyball players. J Strength Cond Res. 2017.

Batterham AM, Hopkins WG. Making meaningful inferences about magnitudes. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2006;1(1):50-7.

Tremblay A, Simoneau JA, Bouchard C. Impact of exercise intensity on body fatness and skeletal muscle metabolism. Metabolism. 1994;43(7):814-8.

Arciero PJ, Gentile CL, Martin-Pressman R, Ormsbee MJ, Everett M, Zwicky L, et al. Increased dietary protein and combined high intensity aerobic and resistance exercise improves body fat distribution and cardiovascular risk factors. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2006;16(4):373-92.

Neves LM, Fortaleza AC, Rossi FE, Diniz TA, de Castro MR, de Aro BL, et al. Effect of a short-term functional training program on body composition in postmenopausal women. Rev Bras Ginecol Obstet. 2014;36(9):404-9.

Miller MG, Herniman JJ, Ricard MD, Cheatham CC, Michael TJ. The effects of a 6-week plyometric training program on agility. J Sports Sci Med. 2006;5(3):459-65.

Vaczi M, Tollar J, Meszler B, Juhasz I, Karsai I. Short-term high intensity plyometric training program improves strength, power and agility in male soccer players. J Hum Kinet. 2013;36:17-26.

de Freitas VH, Nakamura FY, de Andrade FC, Pereira LA, Coimbra DR, Bara-Filho M. Pre-competitive physical training and markers of performance, stress and recovery in young volleyball athletes. Rev Bras Cineantropom Desempenho Hum. 2015;17(1):31-40.

dos Reis Filho AD, Silva MLS, Fett CA, Lima WP. Efeitos do treinamento em circuito ou caminhada após oito semanas de intervenção na composição corporal e aptidão física de mulheres obesas sedentárias.Revista Brasileira de Obesidade, Nutrição e Emagrecimento. 2008;2(1):498-507.

Paavolainen L, Hakkinen K, Hamalainen I, Nummela A, Rusko H. Explosive-strength training improves 5-km running time by improving running economy and muscle power. J Appl Physiol (1985). 1999;86(5):1527-33.

Smirmaul BPC, Dantas JL, Nakamura FY, Pereira G. The psychobiological model: a new explanation to intensity regulation and (in)tolerance in endurance exercise. Bras Educ Fís Esporte. 2013;27(2):333-40.

American College of Sports Medicine Position Stand. The recommended quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness, and flexibility in healthy adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1998;30(6):975-91.

Endereço: http://seer.uftm.edu.br/revistaeletronica/index.php/aces/article/view/3038

Comentários


:-)





© 1996-2020 Centro Esportivo Virtual - CEV.
O material veiculado neste site poderá ser livremente distribuído para fins não comerciais, segundo os termos da licença da Creative Commons.