Efeitos de Diferentes Protocolos de Treinamento Neuromuscular Sobre a Capacidade Funcional de Idosas

Por: Antônio Gomes de Resende Neto, Josimari Melo de Santana, Marta Silva Santos, Marzo Edir da Silva-grigole e Roberto Jerônimo Santos Silva.

Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Esporte - v.24 - n.2 - 2018

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Resumo

Introduction: Several strength training protocols have been tested in the search for systemic adaptations to improve functionality in the elderly. For this purpose, integrated exercises aimed at improving essential movements can be an interesting strategy to improve the performance of activities of the daily living. Objective: To compare the effects of eight weeks of functional training with traditional strength training on the physical fitness of sedentary elderly women. Methods: Thirty-two elderly women were divided into functional training group (FT, n=16) and traditional training group (TT, n=16). For the verification of functional responses, the Senior Fitness Test battery was used, as well as complementary tests of strength and muscular power. The data were analyzed using a 2x2 ANOVA with post hoc Sidak test to verify the differences between the groups. Results: At the end of eight weeks, when compared to TT group, the FT group showed significant increases in balance/ agility variables (p=0.01; +7.6%), lower limbs strength (p=0.04; +15.3%), upper limbs strength (p=0.05; +11.7%), and cardiorespiratory power (p=0.05; +10.7%). However, in relation to flexibility tests and conventional tests of maximum dynamic force and muscular strength, there were no statistically significant differences between the groups. Conclusions: Both interventions are efficient to improve physical fitness of sedentary elderly women; however, functional training induces better adaptive responses to functionality when compared with traditional training. Level of Evidence I; Randomized clinical trial.

Endereço: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_abstract&pid=S1517-86922018000200140&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=pt

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