Exploratory study about the conception of the body-20th century

Por: , Erica Caetano e Vanessa Brito.

Athens 2004: Pre-olympic Congress

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On the phenomenally perspective, in a special thought of Marleu-Ponty, the body is an expression means and the body conception is influenced by the social context. The fashion job is to introduce, in a faster way, new attitudes and beliefs, acting as a control that gives limit or weaken traditional ways of behavior, also known as expression means. This way, body and fashion fuse themselves. Do body and corporeity expressed in the clothing style? The goal of this work was to interpret the conception of the women body in each decade of the 20th century. We could see through the observation and analysis of visual material (pictures, drawings) of clothing and attitudes from different times and historical facts, to understand the social context influence on the woman body conception. We understand that the body conception track is not linear and that although, it can be inserted through historical facts, attitudes observation, body language and life experiences. The patterns change, but women always go after beauty and youth. In the 19th century, round forms of the body indicated that the sensuality, the body function to prosperity and procreation, idea that lasted until the end of the century, when the women from the working class asked for the right to vote. This way, the 20th century is the century that indicates the conception of the body changes: the women beauty and the form value the body evolved at the same time of the economical, industrial and artistic revolutions. Understanding the human being inside this perspective can help a physical education professional to work better with the esthetic, health and productivity concepts that seems to be a tendency of the 21st century. Besides that, the dialogue between philosophy and the fashion context contributes very much to the studies about corporeity and motricity.


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