Gender Personality Of Female Students Majoring P.e. In Japan

Por: Mieko Ae.

Athens 2004: Pre-olympic Congress

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Introduction
Although the number of female participants in sport increased, our society’s view isn’t always favorable for the sports
in which women take part. There has been a stereotype thought that sports are manlike, which shows that sport expects
women less feminine, gentle, and obedient (Dohi, 1998). Female students majoring in P.E. often hear the statements, "
You are strong and so scared though you are a woman", " You look like a man", and so on. But there is few data that
show sport women recognize themselves to be manlike.

Methods
This study examined the relationship between sport and gender (female), using the questionnaire included the
satisfaction for own sex and Gender Personality Scale (Koide, 1996a). Participants were female junior college students
majored in P.E. (n=195, most of them was freshman). Based on GPS’s Masculine and Feminine scores, participants
were classified into 4 types, Masculinity, Femininity, Androgyny, and Non-specialization. It showed if female P.E.
students were Masculinity or not.

Results
1. The appearance rate of four types was similar to non- P.E. major female students.
2. They had ambivalent feelings between sport participation and Femininity. That is, more they were active in sport,
thicker their some muscle developed.
3. Participants in artistic sports who had high sex appeal scale scores showed low satisfaction with their femininity
and in competitive sports high sex appeal scores satisfied them (Fig.1).

Discussion/ Conclusions
Though participants seemed be like men in
their sport behavior, their gender personality
was classified as Femininity. The ambivalent
thought that they looked like men and they
wanted to become more feminine made their problems. The satisfaction with femininity
wasn’t so high and they received their gender stereotype.

References
[1]. Dohi, I. (1998) Gender and Health Sport. In Takenaka, K.(Ed.) The Psychology of Health exercise and
sport(Japanese), Tokyo:Taishu-kan.
[2]. Koide, Y. (1998) A scheme for Gender Personality Scale (1). The 60th Japanese Congress of Psychology
proceedings, 103.

NOTA: O texto com a iconografia está no anexo.

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