Pré-condicionamento Isquêmico e Desempenho Físico: Uma Revisão Sistemática Sobre os Protocolos

Por: Gustavo Ribeiro da Mota, Jeffer Eidi Sasaki, Moacir Marocolo Júnior e Osvaldo Henrique Cunha.

Arquivos de Ciências do Esporte - v.7 - n.2 - 2019

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Resumo

Introdução: O pré-condicionamento isquêmico (PCI) tem se destacado como eventual recurso ergogênico, mas a sua eficácia ainda é inconclusiva. Como não há padronização dos protocolos de PCI (tempo de oclusão/liberação do fluxo sanguíneo muscular), talvez possa existir dependência dos resultados em relação ao protocolo utilizado. Objetivo: O objetivo desta revisão sistemática foi analisar detalhes de protocolos de PCI utilizados em estudos que testaram o efeito ergogênico do PCI sobre o desempenho físico. Métodos: Revisão sistemática de artigos no Pubmed. Dezenove artigos foram selecionados e analisados. Resultados: Os protocolos são heterogêneos (1 a 8 ciclos de oclusão/reperfusão; 30 a 40 min no total; 50 a 300 mmHg de pressão na fase de oclusão; tempo (entre o fim do PCI e o início do exercício) variou de “logo após” até 90 min. Conclusão: O protocolo de PCI mais comum consiste em 4 ciclos de 5 min de oclusão/reperfusão (40 min no total), utilizando 220 mmHg de pressão na fase de oclusão e início do teste físico “logo após” até ~20 min.

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Endereço: http://seer.uftm.edu.br/revistaeletronica/index.php/aces/article/view/3448

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