Psychological Response Of Elementary School Students To Sprinting: An Analysis Of Cause And Effect, Using Th Efactor Model And The Myltiple Indicator Model

Por: Hiroshi Ito, Inomata Kimihiro, Ito Setsuko e Saegusa Nobuo.

Athens 2004: Pre-olympic Congress

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Introduction
The aim of this study was to discover the psychological response of elementary school students to different sprint
distances-40, 60, 80 and 100 meters.

Methods
The exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis [1] was applied to 276 boys and girls.
A questionnaire (Semantic differential technique) regarding their consciosness after each sprint was created 20 items.

Results and Discussion/Conclusions
In the 40m sprint, three factors, "fulfillment from sprinting", "sensation of sprinting" and "mental stress" were
perceived. In the 60m sprint, four factors were perceived-the same two factors as in the 40m sprint and additionally,
"willingness to sprint" and "competitiveness". In the 80m sprint as well, four factors, "willingness to sprint", "sensation
of sprinting", "mental stress" and "mental tension" were perceived. In the 100m sprint as well, four factors, "fulfillment
from sprinting", "willingness to sprint", "mental stress" and "mental tension" were perceived. Only "mental stress" was
common factor each four sprint distance.
The factor of "mental stress" showed a negative correlation with the other potential factors for all four sprint distances.
Subjects ran all three distances with a strong sense of excitation.

References
[1] Kaitiro Yamamoto & Takayosi Onodera (2001). Covariance structure analysis and Case study by Amos Nakanishi
Publishing house 97-109

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