Research On The Age Characteristics Of The Olympic Champions In Men Weightlifting

Por: Shiyong Yang.

Athens 2004: Pre-olympic Congress

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Introduction
Systematic research male performance patterns and age characteristics of Weightlifting Champions in Olympic Games,
and reached exact conclusions, with the purpose of exploring and mastering men excellent lifter’s basical regularity of
the improvement performance, predicting the future development trend, which has significanly meaning for guiding
weightlifting training.

Methods
We use scientific research methods of documents(collecting relative information from over 100 articles and 40 books,
as well as the official webnet of IWF), investigation, logic and statistics on related matters of Olympic Weightlifting
Competition from 1896 to 2000.

Results And Discussion
129 male weightlifting champions from 30 nations have appeared during the period of 104 years of the Olympic Games
from 1896 to 2000 (P.S. 436 medals of Weightlifting had been given out ,148 gold medals included, the silver and the
bronze medals are 144 respectively ). 3 among them won 3 times Olympic champions ( Suleymanoglu Naim from
Turkey. Dimas Pyrros and Kakiasvilis kakhi both from Greece) ,13 among them won Olympic champions twice. The
129 men lifters average age of winning the Olympic championship is 25.7± 3.65, among them the oldest one is 36
(Pljukfelder Rudolf from U.S.S.R ) and the youngest one is less than 20 (Zeng Guoqing from China ). The average
years of training to obtain the championship is 10.72± 2.45. Analyzing the 3 men who reached the olympic champion
three times and 13 men who reached the champion twice, we know that their average training years to win their first
Olympic gold medales is 9.81±2. Lifters started to train from 16 ~17 years old in 1950s and to 11~12 in 1980s. In
recent 40 years the Olympic champion’s average age fall down from 27~28 to 24.5.

Conclusions
From above analysis and research, the conclusions are reached as follows:
1. 129 male lifters average age of winning the Olympic championship is 25.7±3.65. the years of training to win the
championship average is 10.72±2.45.
2. The earlier the starting age of weightlifting training, the younger age of the lifters to have a good result, vice versa.
3. It predicted that male weightlifting champions of the future Olympic Games will be at the age of 23~24.

References
[1] 302 Olympic Medallists. World Weightlifting 1996/2,IWF 1996
[2] Vladan Mihajlovic.80 years of the Weightlifting in the World and Europe.IWF 1977
[3] David Webster.The Iran Game-An illustrated of Weightlifting.Great Britain.1976
[4] Gottfried Schodl.102(1891-1993)Years Gold Medals in Weightlifting.IWF 1994
[5] Ture Widlund.Weightlifting at the Olympic Games 1896-1988.IWF 1989
[6] Gottfried Schodl.The Lost Past-A Story of the International Weightlifting Federation.IWF 1992
[7] Yang Shiyong , The History of Asian Weightlifting. Beijing:The People’s Sports Press,1996.213~233
[8] Yang Shiyong. The History of China Weightlifting. Wuhan: Wuhan Press. 1996.542~594

NOTA: O texto com a iconografia está no anexo.

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