Study of the impacts of the establishment of major stadiums on the environment

Por: Hung-chun Hsiung.

Athens 2004: Pre-olympic Congress

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Introduction

With the globalization of sports, sports elites start to migrate, the sports franchise has changed, and many countries compete to host major international events. Major stadiums are established rapidly (Bale, 2000), and the main concerns are urbanization, internationalization, modernization (Pillsbury, 1995), commercialization (Pred, 1995), segregation(Bale, 1993),symbolization(Springwood, 1996) and precision (Bale, 1998)。

Methods

This research used literature analysis to explore both the positive and negative impacts of the establishment of major
stadiums on the environment.

Conclusions

Through the analysis of the literature, the following conclusions were reached. For the positive impacts, the establishment of major stadiums helps to make our environment better, increase greens, improve the quality of traffic and accommodation, and bring the culture of sports to local areas. Therefore, it contributes to the prosperous tourism and the development of local economy, reduces violent behavior and promotes the image of a city. As for the negative impacts, the establishment of major stadiums imposes heavy financial burdens on local governments, undermines local ecology and brings problems of traffic, parking, noise, trash and violent conflicts.

Results

Based on these conclusions, the researcher proposed that all the facets related to the environment should be reviewed before establishing major stadiums. They include natural ecology, politics, laws, national economy, social culture, social service, etc. By doing so, the benefits of the environment can be enhanced, and negative impacts on the local environment can be reduced.

References

[1]. Bale, J. (1993) Sport, space and the city. London. Routledge.
[2]. Bale, J. (1998) Virtual fandoms: futurescapes of football. in A. Brown, Fanatics! Power, Identity and Fandom in Football. London. Routledge. pp. 265-77.
[3]. Bale, J. (2000) Human geography and the study of sport. In Jay, C. & Eric, D. (Eds.), Handbooks of Sports Studies (pp171-186). SEGA Publications. London.
[4]. Pillsbury, R. (1995) ‘Stock car racing’. in K. Raitz (ed.), The Theater of Sport. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 270-95.
[5]. Pred, A. (1995) Recognizing European Modernities. London. Routledge.

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