The Effects Of Music In Intrinsic -extrinsic Motivation In Physical Education

Por: Anastasia Papapavlou, Athanasios Papaioannou, Evridiki Zachopoulou, Nikolaos Digelidis e Nikolaos Tsigilis.

Athens 2004: Pre-olympic Congress

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Introduction
This study examined the effects of music in lesson satisfaction and intrinsic-extrinsic motivation in senior students
during the physical education class.

Method and procedure
200 students, aged 16-17 years old, participated in the research which was held through questionnaires.
A short intervention was designed. A lesson was developed based on Mosston’s practice style of teaching. The same
lesson was taught under three experimental conditions: a) without music, b) with music chosen by the teacher and c)
with music chosen by high school students. In each class, the three experimental conditions were randomly applied in
order to avoid the order effect.
The following questionnaires were used: a) lesson satisfaction was assessed through Duda & Nicholls (1992) and b)
Situational Motivation Scale developed by Vallerand et al (1997). All scales had high indicators of internal consistency
(a>.85).

Results
The repeated measures analysis of variance was conducted by using the method of Latin squares. The results indicated
important differences between the experimental conditions (F=80.57, p<.001). The results from Tukey post-hoc tests
showed that when the practice style implemented with music, students scored higher in the scales of lesson satisfaction,
intrinsic motivation, and identified regulation while at the same time they scored lower in extrinsic motivation and
amotivation scale (see Table 1).

Discussion/ Conclusions
The results from the research have shown that use of music during teaching, combining a teaching method which
emphasizes in increased academic learning time, has a positive effect in lesson satisfaction and intrinsic motivation of
senior students.

References
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[2]. Dainow E. (1977). Journal of Research in Music Education, 25, 211-221.
[3]. Duda J.L., Nicholls J.G. (1992). Journal of Educational Psychology, 84, 1-10.
[4]. Guay F., Vallerand R.J., Blanchard C. (2003). Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 25, 19-43.
[5]. Hawley G.A, William M.M., Hurlery D. (1990). The New Zealand Journal of Sports Medicine, 18, 25-28.
[6]. Karageorghis C.I., Deeth I.P. (2000). Journal of Sport Sciences, 20, 66-67.
[7]. Karageorghis C.I., Terry P.C. (1997). Journal of Sport Behavior, 20, 54-68.
[8]. Kennedy M.N., Newton M. (1997). The Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 37, 200-204.
[9]. Kodzhaspirov Y.G., Zaitsev Y.M., Kosarev S.M. (1986). Soviet Sports Review, 39-42.
[10]. Papaioannou A. (1995). European Perspectives on Exercise and Sport Psychology, Champaign, Human Kinetics.
[11]. Papaioannou A., Digellidis N. (1996). Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 8.
[12]. Van Wersch A., Trew K., Turner I. (1992). British Journal of Educational Psychology, 62,56-72.

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