The effects of systematic physical activity on the sociological factors in adults

Por: Constantinos Sgaras, D. Panagiotopoulos, G. P. Rontogiannis e Th. Avgerinos.

Athens 2004: Pre-olympic Congress

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The purpose of this survey is to indicate how a mild to moderate programme of systematic physical activity, which simultaneously strengthens harmoniously the cardiorespiratory endurance, the muscular strength and big joint’s flexibility, exerts a beneficial effect and to what extend on quality of life and the social behavior of adults.

The sample consisted of 300 (n=300) healthy individuals (200 male and 100 female) aged 35-60 years old, of various professions (civil servants 34.7%, private employees 32.7% and free professionals 32.7%).

Two groups were used: an examination group (n=150) and a control one (n=150); each of the two was divided according to age into

The examination group was subjected to an organized programme of physical activity, lasting five months on the whole, with a frequency of three times per week for 75 min each time.

The intervening programme of physical activity aimed at the improvement of aerobic ability in 70% of its time, the strengthening of the bigger muscular groups in 20% and the improvement of the flexibility in the rest 10% of the time.

In the vein of the examinations, functional and sociological assessments took place. Measurements were conducted before and after the examining programme in both groups. Cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength of the limbs and of the abdominal muscles as well as flexibility were all measured.
For the investigation of the changes in the sociological characteristics, two anonymous questionnaires with 14 close questions, categorized on the basis of the quality of life in a personal, family, social, and professional level, were used.

The results indicated that the exercise programme benefited the most the women, civil and private employees of older age, mainly due to psycho-social reasons.
It is concluded that the systematic regular exercise, beyond the beneficial effects on the natural functions of the adult’s body, it also influences positively the improvement of the quality of their lives.

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