The influence of a coachs sociological role on chinese athletes

Por: Xiang Pan e Xiaodona Xu.

Athens 2004: Pre-olympic Congress

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Introduction

Based on the theories of sociology, management, psychology and pedagogy, the paper categories various factors in the course of sports training and emphasizes a coach’s stimulating role to the athlete. It aims at strengthening the research on the sociological attribute of sports training.

Results and Discussion

1. The system of sports training is a managing system, which is composed of the coach and the athlete with the purpose of enhancing the athlete’s competitive ability and sports performance. The activities in the system are interactive between the coach and the athlete, including information exchanges, mutual activities and contacts between a teacher and a student. The quality of the activities in this system largely depends on the managing level of the coach.
2. It becomes more obvious that the roles of a coach are multiple. Coach should master sports skills, sports medicine, sports psychology and others sports science in addition to being an expert in education, management, administration and making strategies. The coach has different roles, which influence the athlete in different ways.
3.The role of a coach as a manager plays an adjusting part to the athlete. The multiple roles of a coach can fully embody 5 managing functions such as planning, organization, control, stimulation and leadership, among which the functions of stimulation and leadership reflect the social attribute of a person’s management such as adjusting athletes’ motives.
4. Many sociological factors affect the coach’s adjusting role to the athlete. First, the types of leadership of the coach. An ideal coach knows changing and combining different kinds of leading styles (arbitrary, negotiatory, entrusting and democratic) according to different occasions. Second, the coach’s personal humane quality. The coach’s personality, psychological quality, world outlook, perception, interests and dreams exert profound and lasting influences on the growth of athletes. Third, the coach’s observation ability. For a coach, to understand the athletes is a key to adjusting them. Fourth, the way of communication between coach and athlete. The coach should make the athletes understand and accept his information promptly, correctly and completely, express his expectations and appraisals for the athletes positively. The coach should be good at finding athletes’ advantages and give them timely praises. Besides pointing out their shortcomings, the coach should encourage, guide and stimulate them for more intensive motives for training.

Conclusions

As the main body implementing sports training, the coach is facing more complex tasks. So is his sociological role, which enables us to make researches in the disciplines of psychology, management and pedagogy. With the development of these researches, people’s understanding of sports training and its rules will tend to be complete and profound.

References

[1]. Tian Maijiu. (2000). Sport Training, Beijing. The People’s physical culture Press.
[2]. Rainer Martens.(1987). Coaches Guide to Sport Psychology. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetict Publishers, Inc.

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