The Influence Of Self-efficacy And Past Behavior Of The Regular Exercise Intentions Of University Students

Por: Chen-chung Li e Meei-hwai Chern.

Athens 2004: Pre-olympic Congress

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Introduction
The purpose of this study was to predict the university students’ regular exercise (for at least 20 minutes, three times a
week ) intention by means of Ajzen’s Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and to extend TPB for assessed the influence
of self-efficacy and past behavior on the regular exercise intentions.

Method
Participants were (N=283) university students (Mage = 21.30±1.32) of physical education courses. They completed
questionnaires assessing their regular exercise intentions, attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, selfefficacy
and past regular exercise behavior (in past six mouths). Multiple regression analysis used to predict the regular
exercise intention.
Results
Multiple regression analysis provided that attitudes, subjective norms and perceived behavioral control were strong
predictors of regular exercise behavior intentions. Self -efficacy attenuated the influence of attitude and perceived
behavior control on intention. Past exercise behavior predicted indirectly intention through self-efficacy and perceived
behavior control.

Discussion
It’s necessary to identify the past exercise behavior and measurement in future research. It may to improve the students’
intention of regular exercise through reducing barrier factors in campus and inducing their perceived behavior control
and self-efficacy.

References
[1]. Ajzen, I. (1991). Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50, 179-211.
[2]. Armitage, C.J. & Conner, M. (1999). Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 29, 72-90.
[3]. Bagozzi, R.P. & Kimmel, S.K. (1995) British Journal of Social Psychology, 34,437-461.
[4]. Biddle, S. & Nigg, C. R.(2000). International Journal Sport Psychology, 31, 290-304.
[5]. Hagger, M. S., Chatzisarantis, N. & Biddle,S. (2002). Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 24, 3-32.
[6]. Mummery, W. K. & Wankel, L. M. (1999) . Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 21,313-328.
[7]. Mummery, W. K., Soence, J.C. & Hudec, J. C. (2000). Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 71,2,116-124.

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