The influence of the educatore gender in teaching physical education

Por: Kyriaki Emmanouilidou, Olga Vasiliadou e Vasiliki Derri.

Athens 2004: Pre-olympic Congress

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The purpose of the current study was to investigate if the educator’s gender affects teaching performance in physical education.


Twelve elementary physical education teachers (six males and six females) with at least a five-year teaching experience, participated. Each subject taught 8 lessons which were video- and audio-taped, and analyzed with a) the Qualitative Measures of Teaching Performance Scale (QMTPS, Rink & Werner, 1989), and b) the Academic Learning Time-Physical Education (ALT-PE, Parker, 1989) observation tools.


Results showed no significant differences between male and female physical educators in the observation tools’categories, probably due to the small number of participants. However, from the descriptives in the QMTPS’ categories, it can be seen that males give more full demonstration (Μ=32.3), feedback (M=44.5), and qualitative teaching cues (M=13.5) than females (M=30.6, 39.6, and 9.9, respectively). Concerning ALT-PE, females seem to allot more time on class management (M=7.3) and to let students wait inactive more time (M=32.4) than their male colleagues (M=4.3 and M=25.2, respectively). Moreover, males choose more age-appropriate activities (M=31.7), and achieve higher academic learning time (M=10.7) than females (M=26.8 and M=8.8, correspondingly).


Despite the above differences, it can be concluded that both female and male physical educators show similar levels in teaching performance, as measured by QMTPS and ALT-PE.


[1]. Parker, M. (1989). Academic learning time-physical education (ALT-PE). In P. W. Darst, D.B. Zakrasjek, and V.H. Mancini (Eds.) Analyzing physical education and sport instruction, (pp 195-205). Champaign, IL:Human Kinetics.
[2]. Rink, J., & Werner, P. (1989). Qualitative measures of teaching performance scale (QMTPS). In P. Darst, D. Zakrajsek, & V. Mancini (Eds.) Analyzing physical education and sport instruction, (pp 269-275). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.



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