The parallel analysis of upplied set of tests for the basic motor efficiency estimation of both male and female physical education students

Por: Katarina Herodek, Milan Dolga, Ratko Stankovic e Ruzena Popovic.

Athens 2004: Pre-olympic Congress

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The basic issue of this study is determination of basic motor ability status of PE students (both male and female). The specific task of this study is concerned with the evaluation of metric characteristics of applied tests for the estimation of basic motor efficiency, and parallel analysis of the opposite sex examined subjects.


This research has been realized on the positively selected sample of the examinees (PE male/female students) the 2nd year of study at the University of Nis. The total sample of the examinees consisted of 118 students (20-22 years of age) divided in two sub-samples and defined as PE male=84, and female=34 students. The applied set of motor tests was used for the estimation of: co-ordination (rhythmical structure realization, frequency of movement) balance, flexibility, strengths (explosive, static and repetitive) and speed endurance. The set of tests for the evaluation of the basic motor
abilities consisted of 22 variables. The research data were processed with the basic descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation, Min/Max numeric score, interval and coefficient of variation, and the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test for the estimation of normality of the test result distribution of the applied motor variables). Comparative analysis of results respecting the different defined sub-samples was processed on the base of parallel (t-test) and multiple analysis of variance (MANOVA).


Based on the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test evaluation of the applied set of motor tests and according to the conventional criteria it was possible to collect min. 0 and max. 12 points for the each of applied tests. Neither of the applied tests fulfilled the criteria for excellent and very good marks. Eight tests (circa 35 %) fulfilled the criteria for a good mark and the rest of 14 tests (circa 65 %) did not fulfill the established criteria. With MANOVA it was established that two examined sub-samples statistically differ to a considerable proportion, which means that PE male students were more efficient in doing the tests for the estimation of explosive, static and repetitive strength, as well as in the speed endurance. PE female students were more effective in estimation the flexibility, balance, precision, rhythmical structure realization, frequency of movement and co-ordination.

Discussion / Conclusions

Multiple analysis of variance point out that two examined samples (male and female PE students) statistically differ to a considerable proportion (WILKS LAMBDA =.10; Q =.00). Parallel analysis of variance (t-test) points out that the significant differences are established at 15 of 21 variables (circa 75.00%). In the majority of these variables (10 of 15) the scores are better with the sample of PE male students. Most of the applied measuring instruments for evaluation of basic motor abilities did not satisfy metric characteristics (circa 65%). The remaining tests have good sensitivity and relatively well discriminate the examined subjects. We suggest a reduced battery of tests for the estimation of basic motor efficiency with PE students, both male and female. The research results of this study may enable the evaluation and prognosis based on the estimated status and point out the abilities which are necessary in achieving physical education course of studies as well as in designing and planning the educational units regarding specific professional fields of attention. Further research should be elaborated parallel on the adequately defined general and specific samples of the examined subjects, both male and female. The purpose of the research should prepare grounds for making comparisons of the results and deducing adequate conclusions.


[1]. Herodek K. (2001). The structure and relation of precision with some motor abilities and morphological characteristics. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Physical Culture.
[2]. Mĕkota J., Zhánĕl J. et al. (1995). A comparative study of motor performance of female Physical Education students at Universities in Olomouc, Katowice, Bratislava, Ljubljana, Innsbruck and Munich. International Conference on "Physical Education and Sports of Children and Youth", Bratislava (Slovakia), Conference Proceedings, pp. 195-196.
[3]. Popović R. (1998). Specific anthropological characteristics of Physical Education female students (Monograph - First part), University of Nis, Faculty of Philosophy-Department of Physical Education.
[4]. Popović R. & Bogdanović G. (1995). Estimation of basic motor abilities of Physical Education female students. 4th International Conference FIS Communications ‘95, Nis (Yugoslavia), Abstracts Volume.




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