The Sociological Analysis Of Main Factors Influencing Sports Population

Por: Jian-niu Xu, Shu-ting Lui e Xiao-bing Ling.

Athens 2004: Pre-olympic Congress

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Introduction
The development level of Sports For All is an important index of modernization, and Sports Population is an important index of Sports For All. In this paper, we will identify the factors influencing Sports Population and compare the relative importance of these factors.

Methods
We carried the empirical research by investigating the sports participation of residents older than 16 years in Panyu city. Literature research, random sampling and statistical analysis were used in this research. We used crosstab, chi-square test and logistic regression method by SPSS10.0.

Results
[1]. Using crosstab and chi-square test, we found that gender, age, education, occupation and living area have statistically significanct influence on Sports Population. [2]. We found a logistic regression model whose total correct prediction rate reached 81%. The model is as follows:
(ANEXO)

Conclusions
[1]. The sig value of this model is less than 0.05, which means this model is statistically effective; [2]. We can use this model to predict whether a person is one of Sports Population or not. The correct rate of this prediction reaches 81%. [3]. The factors influencing sports population are education, occupation, age, sex and city or rural, with their relative importance decreasing from left to right. [4]. The percent of Sports Population in intellectual workers is 2.8 times of that in labor workers; the percent of Sports Population in city residents is 1.5 times of that of rural residents; the percent of Sports Population in people with education degrees above high school is 2.6 times of that of people with education degrees below primary school; the percent of Sports Population in people with university degrees is 2.7 times of that in people with education degrees below primary school; the percent of Sports Population in male is 1.8 times of that in female; the percent of Sports Population in either middle-aged or young people is half of that in senior people.

References
[1]. Zhigang Guo, Social Statistical analysis methods and the Application of SPSS Software [M]. Beijing, the Chinese
People University Press.
[2]. Shuting Lui, Sports Sociology [M]. Beijing, High Education Press.

NOTA: O texto com a iconografia está no anexo.

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