The sport organization in the current chile and its social role

Por: A. Aburto e .

Athens 2004: Pre-olympic Congress

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Introduction

The current Chile’s important changes are established mainly in the social and economical aspects that involve the whole society (Tironi, E. 1999), in the same way this process involves all the public and private institutions. By facing this new model it can be observed that sport organizations have not produced the modernization and development level required to go with all the changes the country suffers nowadays. During the year 2002, Chilean Government put into practice a new sport’s law Nº 19.712. The Government conceives sport’s practice and physical activity as a right for all the citizens. However the organizational structure of national sport seems not to go with the modernization process of the Sport Organization. Chilean sport organizations are mainly composed by structures which have developed the sport practice according to their own interests and objectives, well known because they represent social groups that differ from the others because of the culture and the socioeconomic levels. The objective of this study is to make clear the national sport structure and to determinate its actors, internal and external interests and its social strategies.

Methods

National sport organization is well known because it represents different social groups that belong to high social levels, pour social levels and some ethnic and cultural organizations like colonies sport clubs that reprersent important social sector in Chile. This universe is composed by all sports organizations which form the national sport movement. It means public, federal and educational organizations. Through this research organizations Hill be classified Ander the following aspects: social, economic, cultural and sport.

Results / Conclusions

According to the Sociology of the Organizations, the analysis and results of the national sport structure, it is presented as a closed, private system that keeps the tendency to favor the social and economic aspects. This model causes important difficulties in a democratic and rational sport development. To face all those difficulties, municipalities appear to be the organizations that have a basic important social function in the development of sport practices for the ones who can not be involved in organizations that demand a strong social and economic influence. From the organizational point of view, they have a social function; however this model causes big social differences.

 

References

[1]. Cornejo, M. (1998) Les Acteurs Institutionnels du Sport a Concepción Chili, Thèse Doctoral Université Joseph Fourier, Grenoble France.

[2]. Crozier, M., Friedberg. E., (1977). L’acteur et le système, Editions Seuil, Paris.

[3]. Rodriguez, D., (1998) Diagnóstico Organizacional, Ediciones Universidad Católica de Chile.

[4]. Tironi, E. (1999) La Irrupción de las Masas y el malestar de las elites. Editorial Grijalbo Santiago.

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