Women and sports

Por: D. Aleksic.

Athens 2004: Pre-olympic Congress

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Introduction

At all times, since the earliest development of civilization men have reclaimed the privilege of satisfying their need for some kind of physical exercises. But now women have been occupying a more important position in professional life, in society and in social life than fifty years ago nobody disagrees with their sporting activities. Still many wrong opinions have to be disavowed, especially regarding the record performances. My paper aim is to document that women’s sport can have a positive or negative influence on women’s body, especial problems or privilege in gymnastics. In this way, I
hope to provide an even treatment of gymnastics so that parents, gymnasts, and coaches may better understand what gymnastics can and cannot do.

Methods

In this review study are from the comparative point of view presented Women in Sport on Internet, and national authors who are published article on home journal. These search terms have been highlighted: influence sport gymnastics woman body. In this review study include about 30 articles authors from all worlds, especial from USA, Greece, Germany, New Zeeland and Serbia.

Results

If all the women and girls would think that women have strength and courage, it would not be any longer a pious wish to get all our rights back in society. Under the pretext of preserving their beauty and of protecting them against fatigue, women were forbidden physical exercises. The candid and obedient spouses did not see the trap. They found it more comfortable at home and lost themselves in idleness. In a short time they were called and really were "the weaker sex". Also, parents often confined their girls to the house. There, shut off from fresh air and healthful exercise, (woman) sadly deteriorated. Gymnastics comprehend all the exercises and activities, which are beneficial to the health, strength, agility, beauty and usefulness of the body. Women as well as men should have a gymnastic training. As, however, the female constitution differs from a man’s one, in the way that it is more delicate and sensitive, she should not take part in many exercises men practice in order to garden their bodies. And though doing physical exercises women should try to preserve the delicacy of mind and avoid every activity, which could injure the sensitiveness of their feeling for decency, grace and dignity. The fact is that many gymnasts have an eating disorder. The whole elite gymnastics world needs to be educated on the dangers of eating disorders. This includes judges, parents, gymnasts, and especially coaches.

Discussion / Conclusions

We cannot foresee its further development women’s sports. Steps need to be taken to increase women’s confidence in their own abilities so that the habit of physical exercise can be taken up more generally and more women can start to move in the direction of competitive sport. It is especially in the performances of championship - against which doctors and coaches once warned the so-called "weaker sex" - that we see the most amazing results of women and proofs of their endurance, strength and intelligence. It is important that people should cease characterizing sport as male or female and that they should simply give it the title that best fits it - "a human activity, everybody’s right". So it does not seem exaggerated to believe that in future women will reach sporting results we still think quite impossible today. Gymnastics is a terrific sport for young people. Also, gymnastics can provide opportunities for physical development, character development, and education that are hard to find anywhere else.

References

[1]. Vranic, M. (1983): Zena u fizickoj kulturi kroz istoriju. Zena i sport, Novi Sad: str. 9-17.
[2]. Jovanovic, S. & Popovic, R. (1995): Short survey of the history of sports for women. International Congress "Images of Sport in the World", 75th Anniversary of the German Sport University Cologne (Germany) Abstract Volume, p. 81.
[3]. Malina, R. (1996): Growth and maturation of female gymnasts. Spotlight on Youth Sports, Volume 19, Number 3, pp 1-3.
[4]. Popovic, R., & Kocic, J. (2002): Barriers to women’s participation in sport and recreation. 25. Godišnjica Fakulteta za fizičku kulturu u Skoplju, Makedonija, saopštenje.
[5]. Psyhountaki, M., & Zervas, Y. (2001): The effect of exercise on mental health: Theoretical orientations - research data. 3rd European Conference of women and sport; women - sport partnership, Athens.
[6]. Sands, A. (1999): Why gymnastics? Motor behavior research laboratory, Department of exercise and sport science, University of Utah.
[7]. Spassov, A. (2003): The influence of weightlifting on the woman’s body. Over speed training, inc. program - woman’s body.

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