Sport as a Tool For Social Integration, Inclusion And Citizenship Of People With Disabilities, Between Myth, Reality And Fiction?

Por: Gaillard Joel.

IV Congreso Latinoamericano de Estudios Socioculturales Del Deporte - ALESDE

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The traditional approach to disability policy has been based on the belief that disability is a deviation from normality. "Disabled people are not excluded from society, contrary to the assertion of associations and political speeches. They often constitute a sub-category of the poor especially those who are also foreigners. Disability is not determined by one type of life style or another, but rather related with social aspects. Disability is perceived as a total social phenomenon, at any point created by society, but in turn making or undoing society in its relationship to integration and exclusion. It occurs with certain people or in certain situations more often than with others. Disability is, like sport, the result of “social construction”.
Concerning France, the sports policies for people with disabilities are presented in a framework in which actors seek to eradicate the barriers that prevent access to disabled sport. Two laws (1975 and 2005) have marked significant steps in taking the needs of disabled persons into account. At the same time, public policies take into account the multiple barriers that prevent individuals from being full citizens. However, many challenges and obstacles have to be overcome. The main goal of this communication is to identify the main obstacles, disabled people and sport clubs have to face, in order to achieve the integration process which will be complete only when a person with a disability can take up a sport like any other citizen


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